When you’re installing a Linux distribution for the first time or if you still have not decided your favorite among Ubuntu and Fedora, then I’m going to tell you which one should you choose and why. What are the pros and cons of either and the most suited application for the two.
Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution now, one of the main reason for which is that it focuses on complete Linux newbies. Ubuntu wants you to migrate you from Windows to itself and hence tries to make things as user-friendly as possible. However it doesn’t mean that Ubuntu ignores developers. Linux kernel at its core is obviously same and everything works pretty fine like other distributions.
Ubuntu is backed by Canonical and derives its source code from Debian, one of the oldest distributions. Ubuntu has a 6-month release cycle. New versions are released every year in April and October. Ubuntu is not just for desktops, but also for phones and servers.
The default desktop environment in Ubuntu is Unity created by Canonical for Ubuntu. The default font is called Ubuntu and is a free font family available on Google Fonts designed by Dalton Maag and released under Ubuntu Font License, 1.0. Ubuntu is highly customizable and has a number of useful apps in the package manager.
Ubuntu is widely regarded as first step into Linux world of newbies. It was also my step into the Linux world. While Linux was ignored by the corporate desktop and laptop sellers for long, Ubuntu is changing this mindset with laptops coming out with pre-installed Ubuntu.
Fedora is sponsored by Red Hat Inc. one of the oldest and respected players in this market. While Fedora is also highly user-friendly and is a matter of common sense to use, it is regarded as for the users with an intermediate to advanced level of experience in Linux.
Fedora for desktop is called Fedora Workstation. It’s also available for cloud and servers. Fedora Workstation, as the official website states, supports a wide range of developers from hobbyists and students to professionals in corporate environments.
Default desktop environment is GNOME 3, which is a very neat and easy-to-use DE with sleek and highly productive interface. One of the major advantage of GNOME is the availability of GNOME extensions that make life of a developer very easy and increase productivity many folds. Default font is Cantarell designed by Dave Crossland and is available under SIL Open Font License, 1.1.
I’ve used Ubuntu and Fedora for a considerable amount of time. From my personal experience, I’ve always found Fedora faster than Ubuntu. The one tap search for the entire computer system, GNOME themes and extensions, elegant desktop environment and no-nonsense apps have always forced me to give Fedora extra points.
As I said earlier, Ubuntu is the most popular Linux OS, so it has a bigger community and more answers on forums and solutions on blogs to help if you run into an issue. But, Fedora is equally powerful because anyways I would recommend it to those who are really excited to try something as bleeding-edge as Fedora 25 Linux OS.